Causes of Stuttering – Three Theories

The causes of stuttering have been widely studied, and debated greatly over the years. Most research indicates that stuttering, which affects roughly 4-5 percent of people at some point in their lives, is a direct result of one of the follow three areas.

Stuttering is Learned

Some research suggest that stuttering is a learned behavior. It is common for children to stutter at some point in their early life while speaking. The learned behavior theory suggest that if they are chastised, corrected, reprimanded, or made to feel dumb for their stuttering the anxiety caused by this will cause them to stutter more. As the stuttering continues, it becomes part of their speech, much like fluent speech would if the stress and anxiety during the learning phase were not present.

Stuttering is Psychological

The second theory as to what causes stuttering is that it is psychological. Simply put there is something different in the brain between a person who stutters and one that does not. In all other aspects of the persons life the psychological difference in the brain causes no effects. However the stuttering person’s brain may react to stress and anxiety with a stuttering block, whereas the non stuttering persons brain allows them to speak fluently in the same situations.

Stuttering is Genetic

There is also some research to indicate that stuttering is genetic to some degree. Stuttering has been shown to run in families, however there is much research in this field that still needs to be done to solidify the genetic link between stutters and their family DNA.

Now you Know Why, But How do you Treat Stuttering

The strongest link to why people stutter is the learned behavior theory. This is actually good news for those who stutter.

If a behavior can be learned, it can be unlearned as well – the theory suggests.

This means that finding a stop stuttering program which “teaches” you how to stop stuttering, will essentially override the learned behavior that caused you to stutter in the first place – even if it were many years ago.

Memory Is Stored Outside the Body

Science News Magazine February 3, 2018, “People tend to think of memories as deeply personal, ephemeral possessions-snippets of emotions, words, colors and smells stitched into our unique neural tapestries as life goes on.” One of today’s most entrenched explanations puts engrams (memories) squarely within the synapses, connections where chemical and electrical messages move between nerve cells, or neurons. However, Tonegawa and colleagues in 2015 in the Journal Science concluded that “The memory was stored in something that isn’t related to the strength of the synapses.” “The cellular machines that are required for calling up memories are not necessarily the same machines that store memories.” Ryan, Tonegawa, and Glanzman (Noted scientists) all think that… bulked-up synapses, are important for retrieving memories, but not the thing that actually stores them… Levin and Tal Shomrat reported in 2013 in the Journal of Experimental Biology ‘The fact that memory somehow survived decapitation experiments hints that signals outside of the brain may somehow store memories, even if temporarily’.” “For now, the field hasn’t been able to explain memories in tangible terms.”

Hypothesis: There is a human spirit that each person inherits from their parents at birth that stores that person’s memory.

If we look at the complete article from Science News Magazine quoted above and the research behind the article, one concludes that the brain is the mechanism to retrieve memories into consciousness, but not to store them, and that memory is not only not stored in the brain, but perhaps it is not stored in the body. So where is memory stored? This is the question I address in this article.

Look around the room you are sitting in then look away. Can you remember what you saw? Do you believe that it is likely that the brief glimpse you just took has caused the brain to physically change that quickly, that any part of your body has immediately altered to store that glimpse and all the glimpses and senses you have experienced in your life? Do you believe in life-after-death? If so, wouldn’t you think you would retain your memory when the body passes away? While science does not normally address spiritual issues, I believe that the search for the location of memory will help us to understand the nature of the human spirit and more than that.

Theory: To discuss the human spirit one must look beyond science for the theory then try to use scientific methods to see if the theory may be true. I don’t believe mathematics will help us find a proof. I draw my theory from revelations from the Christian Bible and personal experience because it is only through revelation and personal experience that the spirit can be understood and cognitively sensed.

Personal Experience: While the spirit cannot currently be scientifically proven it can be sensed through emotional energy. If we think about what might be detected from the human spirit the most obvious one is love. Love cannot be directly detected from the senses yet everyone knows that it exists. This is also true of hate, anger, envy, and other emotions. Think of how your energy level rises when you experience any of these emotions. The energy rise that we experience results from chemicals in the brain that are reacting as a result of information received by the brain from the spirit. The concept is like cloud computing where the information is stored outside the computer. Under this concept, the window on the spirit is emotion. The theory is that all memory is stored in the spirit and we can detect this through emotion, a direct link between the spirit and cognition.

We Know of the Human Spirit from Revelation: I propose that each of us is the result of the combining of the physical and spiritual “DNA” of our parents. If we believe in God, we are told that men and women are created in God’s image. (We have a spirit and a physical form like Jesus). However, we not only resemble Him, but God has created us so that we can also reproduce. The man’s sperm impregnates the woman’s egg and another human being is formed. That human being is “begotten” by two humans and has its own physical body and, in addition according to my theory, a human spirit from its mother and father. I propose that the human spirits of the mother and father join to form the human spirit of their baby. I propose that each of us is the result of the combining of the physical and spiritual “DNA” of our parents. This human spirit feeds your consciousness and has the free will to seek God or turn away.

I further propose that the human spirit is the spiritual egg of a spiritual person. From a human spiritual perspective, we are all females. If a person seeks God, God impregnates their human spirit with the Holy Spirit to form a spiritual person, like the father’s sperm impregnates the mother’s egg to form a physical person. Under this theory, the two spirits (God’s and the individual’s) become a spiritual embryo and eventually are actually born as a spiritual person, a child of God at the time of a person’s physical death. If you think back to the story of the Virgin Mary we see this described, in part, in the birth of Jesus.

Luke 1:35 (NASB)

35 And the angel said to her, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; therefore the child to be born will be holy; he will be called Son of God.”

Jesus only had half a human spirit because Mary was a virgin. She had to be a virgin under this theory. Human spirits only result from the union of human parents. Jesus, therefore, had Mary’s half of a human spirit and the full Spirit of God within his miraculously conceived human body. He was tempted and felt sorrow showing Mary’s half, yet he overcome his human desires because of God’s Holy Spirit. He had both a physical and Holy Spiritual body while He was alive on earth. The Apostles saw His spiritual body during His transfiguration. When He was crucified, his physical body passed away and His spiritual body remained. He is the first Son of God.

Under this theory, the spiritual person is born after the physical death of the physical person. We are literally born again in the spirit as a child of God. With all the memories that we gathered while we were physically alive. This would be you with all your memories, skills and abilities yet in a recognizable spiritual body. As Paul says in Romans 8 Verse 23, we only have the first fruits of the Spirit now and are awaiting our full adoption / birth as God’s children. These first fruits include all our memory. This makes us spiritual embryos throughout our physical lifetime and the earth the womb of God. The human spirit has the choice to love God or turn away. If the choice is to love God, then the Holy Spirit comes upon us as he did with Mary and creates a spiritual embryo by joining our human spirit and the Holy Spirit. In this way, God creates a true loving spiritual family comprised of “children of God” who truly love him. And, Jesus is the first fruit, so we will be like him. Here is what Paul has to say:

1 Corinthians 15:42-46 (NASB)

42 So also is the resurrection of the dead. It is sown a perishable body, it is raised an imperishable body;

43 it is sown in dishonor, it is raised in glory; it is sown in weakness, it is raised in power;

44 it is sown a natural body, it is raised a spiritual body. If there is a natural body, there is also a spiritual body.

45 So also it is written, “The first MAN, Adam, BECAME A LIVING SOUL.” (Human spirit) The last Adam (Jesus Christ) became a life-giving spirit. (Holy Spirit)

46 However, the spiritual is not first, but the natural; then the spiritual.

Romans 8:14-17 (NASB)

14 For all who are being led by the Spirit of God, these are sons of God.

15 For you have not received a spirit of slavery leading to fear again, but you have received a spirit of adoption as sons by which we cry out, “Abba! Father!”

16 The Spirit Himself testifies with our spirit that we are children of God,

17 and if children, heirs also, heirs of God and fellow heirs with Christ, if indeed we suffer with Him so that we may also be glorified with Him.

We will be born again as sons of God.

Our spirit in the quote above is our human spirit that contains the seat of our memory throughout our lifetime before and after our death. Memories are retrieved by the brain.

A Voice That Shakes Is Not Just Heard Among the Elderly – Young People Can Have It Too!

Ever find that when you open your mouth to speak, the result is a voice that quivers or shakes? Often, we attribute the quivering voice to the elderly; however, a shaky voice can also be found in young people as well. It may be caused by nervousness or just be symptomatic of your speaking voice. The good news is that you can eliminate the quiver quickly and effectively.

A quiver in the voice is the result of undue strain on your vocal folds (cords). By changing your voice placement, however, you will stop this irritating problem. While there are 5 resonators responsible for voiced sound, most people rely very heavily on their throat (pharynx) and voice box (larynx) do most of the work. Age, nervousness, or just continual talking can then strain the vocal folds and result in a shaking quality.

If you can change the placement of your voice, however, you will immediately notice a difference in this respect. Changing the placement of your voice means using your 5th resonator – the largest of the 5 – to power and amplify the speaking voice. (The other 2 resonators are your mouth cavity and nasal passages.)

Good voice quality depends on the use of all 5 of your resonators. If you speak with excessive nasality, for example, you are pushing your voice through your nasal cavities; if you push hard from your throat when you talk, then you will notice a throaty sound. When you allow your chest cavity to do more of the work in speaking, however, you will discover a richer, warmer, deeper voice that will not quiver.

Because most people are not using their chest cavity in this manner, most people have voices that are higher in pitch, thinner in quality, possibly nasal, wimpy, weak, strident, shrill, too soft or too loud. Actually, the list of characteristics is much longer than that but suffice it to say that the voice powered by the chest cavity has none of those traits because the quality of sound becomes warm and resonant, something that is not possible when you are using only your other 4 resonators.

You can get rid of the quiver or the voice that rattles, even if it is only noticeable when you are nervous. Change the placement and you will not only end the shakes but you will discover a more mature and more authoritative sound in the process.

What is a Greenpreneur?

Everyone knows that the environment is a mess, and the government isn’t doing much to correct the situation. That means, it’s up to US – everyday people – to do what we can to make a difference. Fortunately, there are many new jobs that people can jump into, to become America’s new working class: Greenpreneurs.

Perhaps the most visible way to switch gears is to go back to school – many people are choosing online universities – to get a new “green” degree. There are so many avenues to choose from, a quick internet search will give you many ideas. But that’s not the only way to make a great income.

For instance, I recently started working with a company that helps people to replace toxic household products with non-toxic household products. It is a well known fact that the products we use in our homes are poisoning us – causing asthma, cancer, fibromyalgia, ADHD, Autism, and many other illnesses and irreversible conditions. So, by simply switching to non-toxic, you are drastically improving not only the health of your family, but the environment as well! It’s a win-win situation.

That’s just one example of how you can become a Greenpreneur. There are also training centers, where you can learn to build green houses, become an energy auditor, or learn more about our very concerning fresh water situation. You have to ask yourself what you enjoy… this is always the first question you should ask when looking for a new career. What is it that you enjoy? And then, using that as a direction, explore all the possibilities!

As with anything, enthusiasm will open many doors. If you want to bounce some ideas off me, I’d love to hear from you!

Brain Wave Synchronization During FC and RPM Similar to Energy Healer and Patient-Telepathic Result

Facilitated communication (FC) remains controversial and continues to have more detractors than enthusiasts. Yet this fascinating energetic relationship between the facilitator and the nonverbal autistic person is a mysterious, misunderstood connection that has benefits beyond mere communication. FC is a complicated process with many interesting components that demand open dialogue and further investigation. As a seasoned facilitator and energy worker with a deep interest in and appreciation for the autistic individuals I work with, I want to generate much more interest in the open discussion and study of this anomaly.

In FC, the facilitator provides hand or arm support to the nonverbal autistic person as he types. Once provided with this support, the autistic individual suddenly demonstrates previously unseen areas of competence. It is a startling phenomenon that leaves both parents and caregivers spellbound. Most proponents of the process suggest that the facilitator provides both motor and emotional support. They insist that the information being typed is coming solely from the typist himself. By contrast, detractors say that the information is coming from the facilitator, who unknowingly moves the typist’s hand to the appropriate letters. On the other hand, when the typist strikes the keys without physical support, many consider him to be doing so independently. Neither proponents nor detractors of the process address the fact that the facilitator is still sitting next to the person typing, usually with an intense focus on the keyboard, and that without the facilitator’s presence and focus, the typist loses his train of thought. The question is: why is the facilitator’s presence and focus necessary? How does it help the typist maintain his train of thought? Some suggest that it has to do with emotional support. I do not pretend to know why it helps, but I do know that it should not be ignored.

My theory is that FC has an energetic component. I suggest that the typist synchronizes his brainwave rhythms with those of the facilitator. As he does this, the typist appears to become more balanced, organized and grounded than he was before establishing a resonance. The relationship can be compared to coupled oscillators, which begin moving in unison after a certain amount of time. A different analogy is that of binaural beats, two separate sounds that form a new frequency produced from the combination of the two. An EEG hookup between the facilitator and typist could prove if this hypothesis has merit.

I also suggest that the dynamic link between the facilitator and typist is similar to that which occurs between an energy healer and patient. The healer emanates a high vibration. In response, the patient raises his own vibrational frequency to match the healer’s and in the process heals himself. In facilitation, I feel the typist and facilitator are also matching vibrational frequencies. But in this case, I suspect that it’s the typist who is lowering his frequency to meet or blend with the facilitator’s brainwave and body rhythms. In doing so, he both establishes and amplifies a telepathic resonance.

This synchronization of brain waves and bodily rhythms would explain the changes in focus and behavior of the nonverbal typist engaged in FC. Establishing a telepathic resonance is a vital part of the process. Once the typist and facilitator synchronize, the facilitator can encourage the connection by systematically slowing down his brain waves and bodily rhythms. The facilitator’s relaxed, compassionate intention and focus support the typist in producing longer, slower brain waves, closer to the earth’s vibration.

For example, I had lunch today with a severely autistic friend who was very excitable and disorganized. As we sat down at the table in the restaurant, she began to screech and throw her arms around. I sat across from her and encouraged her to put her feet on top of mine. In the process, we formed a resonance. I did this by initially matching her excitement and then lowering my energy by making my mind go blank and just feeling calming energy waves cascading down my spine. Within a few minutes, she was calm, balanced and organized enough to eat. If she had not responded, I would have taken her for a walk. The purpose would have been be to get her back in sync with my brain waves and body rhythm so she could relax. When asked about the process, she typed the following, with facilitated support: “It helps me feel very grounded and safe, like head is more connected to my body.”

The so-called independent autistic typist needs a more energetic focus than the one who is given physical assistance. The facilitator’s focus allows the typist’s brain waves to slow down. Because of this synchronizing effect, the disorganized system of the typist becomes balanced. This energetic relationship and syncing of brain waves can support multiple areas of learning, not just dialogue. Motor planning activities and adaptive daily living skills can be more effectively learned when the facilitator and the unorganized system of the autistic person align. The autistic person feels safer and more balanced, grounded and protected by his partner than he does when he is energetically on his own.

Dr. John Zimmerman, founder and president of the former Bio-Electro-Magnetics Institute in Reno, Nevada, was cited in Life Technology News (2008) as reporting that spiritual, psychic and energy healers of all types worldwide usually connect with the Schumann Resonance, or 7.8-8 Hz alpha rhythm. The right and left hemispheres of their brains are therefore balanced. During the process of healing, the patient’s brain waves also go into alpha and are phase-synchronized with the healer’s balanced brain waves, thereby linking the patient with the pulses of the earth’s magnetic field.

I suggest that the facilitator, like the spiritual, psychic or energy healer, may also be connecting with the Schumann Resonance. By matching the facilitator’s brainwave frequency, the typist likewise goes into the alpha state, which assists him in balancing the right and left hemispheres of his brain. The facilitator grounds the typist by linking him to the magnetic field of the earth’s vibration, which in turn makes him more comfortable. This process can be encouraged through taking walks in nature, spending time at the beach or listening to ocean waves, other sounds from nature or recordings of the Schumann Resonance. All these grounding activities help produce longer, slower brainwave patterns.

Both belief in the process and actual aptitude differ among facilitators with regard to their couplings with typists. This is evident in the fact that the communicative output between different facilitators and the same typist can differ.

In Life Technology News (2008), researcher Maxwell Cade discovered while using a computerized EEG power spectrum analyzer that unique complex brainwave patterns found only in advanced spiritual and energy healers became prominent in the brain waves of patients during the healing process.

It is my belief that facilitators may be receiving these complex brain wave patterns from the typist once they have learned to remove their mental limitations and truly listen. In my own experience, these complex wave patterns have resulted in enhanced spiritual and interdimensional communication and perception. In other words, the facilitator’s perspective begins to expand through close contact and telepathic merging with the autistic individual. This aligning with complex wave patterns differs from using FC to slow down the autistic person’s brain waves in order to increase his bodily balance. Both are significant and can be practiced either by themselves or simultaneously depending on the facilitator’s interest, understanding and aptitude. Perhaps these complex brain waves could be identified by the above-mentioned EEG power spectrum analyzer, thereby helping us to understand the frequently reported mystical aspects of the FC process.

The extent of the typist’s ability to communicate is dependent on the facilitator’s knowledge base and vocabulary. For example, by pairing the typist with a good facilitator who is also a mathematician, the typist would be likely to manifest competence in mathematics. On the other hand, when paired with a facilitator with limited mathematical understanding, the typist is unable to perform at the same mathematical level. Does this imply that the facilitator’s lack of knowledge creates a handicap? And does this interference affect the synchronization of brain waves and prevent the typist from continuing? An EEG of both the facilitator and the typist could help us understand the effect of interference.

During FC, the typist can be very suggestible. The facilitator needs to be aware of this possibility and treat sensitive information accordingly.

I have barely touched on the energetics of FC. Rapid Prompting Method (RPM) and facilitated communication share the same telepathic and energetic component. With regard to this, there is much to dissect and explore on a deeper level. Until then, I suggest that the facilitator listen intently, focus on the task at hand, expect competence from the autistic individual, let go of limiting beliefs, and in the process watch the person he is serving become happier and more balanced. It is best to not worry about the source of the communication, meaning whether the information is being accessed from the facilitator or the autistic partner. That varies and changes for a multitude of reasons, and it’s this that desperately needs more open dialogue and study.

Life Technology™ News. (2008). Retrieved from